COMPONENTS OF NUTRITION


MACRONUTRIENTS


PROTEIN


Protein is made up of amino acids which are responsible for our structure, hormones, and enzymes. Proper protein intake is important for overall health and function. Amino Acids are constantly lost, therefore we need to replenish them my taking in protein in our daily diet.


Food Examples:

Whey Protein

Egg Whites

Poultry & Fish


CARBOHYDRATE


Carbs are our main source of energy. Sugars, starches, fibers, are all fall under the carbohydrate umbrella. Depending on your gender, height/weight, activity level, protein/fat intake, and specific goals will determine how many grams of carbs you should be taking in daily.


Food Examples:

Oatmeal

Fruits & Veggies

Sweet Potatoes

Pasta / Multigrain Pasta

Bread / Buns



FAT


Fats are our secondary source of energy. It helps in balancing hormones, forming cell membranes, and the brain and nervous systems, and transporting the fat soluble vitamins A, D, E, & K. In lesser terms, we have two different types of fatty acid; saturated and unsaturated. In saturated fatty acids, all carbons bonds and occupied with hydrogens. Unsaturated fatty acids, have double bonds between carbons.


Saturated Fat Examples:

Butter

Animal Fats

Coconut Oil


Unsaturated Fat Examples:

MONOUNSATURATED

Avocado

Almonds

Olive Oil

Peanuts

Pecans


POLYUNSATURATED

Omega 3 & 6

Fish

Flax

Canola

Hemp





ALISA MARIE TARSA FITNESS 2019

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